ND   JMC : History of Medieval Philosophy / by Maurice De Wulf

144. Rhaban Maur and Eric of Auxerre. -- RHABAN MAUR (a pupil of Alcuin at Tours, then teacher at Fulda, where he had among his numerous auditors Servatus Lupus of Ferrières) did not go beyond the general assertions just referred to. There is nothing in his encyclopedic collections (126, 1), nor in the glosses which Cousin attributes to him{1} on the Isagoge and the De Interpretatione, nor in his treatise on The Proposition, that he did not learn from Boëthius. He teaches that universal terms signify neither sensations nor things, but notions, and that the universal has no essence other than that of the individual things of sense.{2}

ERIC OF AUXERRE (who flourished about the middle of the ninth century, studying under Servatus Lupus of Ferrièes and Rhaban Maur at Fulda before he opened school at Auxerre) reflects the same general tendencies in the glosses of which he is the reputed author. Hauréau attributes to him commentaries on the De Interpretatione, on Pseudo-Augustine's Dialectic and Book an the Ten Categories, on the Isagoge, on the Latin text De Syllogismo of Apuleius, and on various works of Boëthius. According to Professor Baeumker, only portions of the glosses on the Categories of Pseudo-Augustine can be attributed to Eric.{3}

An anonymous commentary on Martianus Capella, written by a contemporary of Eric and brought to light by Victor Cousin, may be mentioned among the anti-realistic productions of this period.

{1} According to PRANTL and others they are the work of a pseudo-Rhaban

{2} DOMET DE VOROES, S. Anselme, p. 35.

{3} DR. BAEUMKER has promised an edition of those glosses. CLERVAL (op. cit., p. 165) attributes them to a disciple of Rhaban Maur.

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